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Forearm Crutches (Elbow Crutches)

These instructions are guidelines only. Use only as instructed by your healthcare provider.

What are Forearm Crutches Used For? (Figure 1)

Forearm crutches are used for support when walking.

How Do I Adjust the Forearm Crutches? Height

Stand upright, with your shoulders relaxed and your arms hanging 
   loosely at your sides
• The height of the handgrips should be at the crease of your wrist when 
   your arm is extended. 
• To adjust the height, depress the spring buttons on the leg 
   extensions and lengthen or shorten the extension to achieve the proper
   height. Ensure the spring buttons are fully engaged in the adjustment 

• If the height is properly adjusted, your elbow should be bent 
   approximately 30° when you hold the handgrips (Figure 2). 
• Ensure that both crutches are adjusted to an equal height and that all 
   spring buttons are fully engaged in the adjustment holes.
• Rotate all collars to secure leg extensions.

Cuff Adjustment

• The cuff should be adjusted to 1-2 inches below the bend of the elbow.
• To adjust the cuff height, depress the spring buttons on each cuff, 
   and lengthen or shorten the extension to achieve the proper sizing. 
   Ensure the spring button is fully engaged in the adjustment hole.
• Rotate all collars to secure cuffs.
• Widen or narrow the crutch cuffs to help ensure a secure fit around the 
   arms of the user.

How Do I Use the Forearm Crutches?

• A physician or therapist should instruct the user on the proper 
  adjustment and use of the crutches.
WARNING Ensure that spring buttons are fully engaged and 
aligned in the proper adjustment hole of each crutch before use. 
WARNING Cuffs are designed to add stability to the forearm 
crutch. They are not intended to support the user’s weight. 

WARNING Do not subject forearm crutches to sudden impacts or jolts.

How to Adjust Lofstrands Crutches

Lofstrands crutches are also called forearm crutches. They are used as an alternative to a cane, walker or standard crutches if the patient is going to use the crutches for a longer perios of time. Lofstrands crutches give the patient more freedom of movement than other types of crutches. On the downside, Lofstrands crutches are not as naturally stable as underarm crutches, since they are held by the hand in the style of a cane. By adjusting Lofstrands crutches you can ensure mobility and stability.

1 :Hold the crutches next to you while standing up. See if the handle comes up to the crease on your wrist. If it is not high enough, you will have to raise the crutch. If it's too high, you will have to lower it.

2 :Turn one crutch upside down. Press the small metal button that pokes out of one of the holes along the crutch. Pull the shaft out until the button clicks into the next available position if the crutch was too short. Push the shaft in until the button clicks into the next available position if the crutch was too long. Stand back up and check the adjustment. When one crutch is satisfactorily adjusted, set the other crutch to the same point.

3 :Stand back up and place your hand on the hand grip. Check to see if the round cuff sits one to two inches below your elbow. If it does not, press the small metal button located on the shaft between the collar and the hand grip. Pull the shaft out if it was not long enough. Push it in if it was too long. Check the adjustment and do the same to the other cuff.

4 : Press the cuffs in on your arms so that they fit comfortable against the arms when walking.



1 :Stand the forearm crutches up against your body to make sure that the overall height of each crutch is appropriate. When standing up straight, the handgrip of each forearm crutch should hit approximately where your wrist bends. A series of spring buttons at the bottom end of the crutches alter the height.

2 :Adjust the placement of the cuff on the forearm crutches before you begin to walk with them. Use the spring buttons on the upper half of each crutch to move the cuffs up or down. The cuff should be approximately 1 to 2 inches below where your elbow bends.

3: urn the collar--the lip-type fixture at the end of the lower set of spring buttons--on each crutch. This secures the cuffs so that they will not move around as you walk.

4: Grab the handgrip of the crutches, one in each hand, while placing the cuffs on each forearm. The cuff is shaped like a U; the open end of the U should face outward.

5: Consult your doctor about how you should use the forearm crutches in terms of a walking pattern. Some people use the mobility aid to give them support while walking using both legs. Others may need to keep more weight on one foot due to a particular kind of injury. Each person learns from his medical care provider which crutch to put forward first in relation to stepping.

6 : Place some, but not all, of your body's weight on the handgrip as you walk with forearm crutches. The crutches are not designed to withstand a person's full body weight but act as a support.


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