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Abortion - Methods

What exactly is an abortion? Plainly speaking an abortion is the termination of a pregnancy. It can happen naturally, while the embryo is developing, which is more commonly known as a miscarriage, or spontaneous abortion. An induced abortion is when the woman decides that she does not want the baby and then has the fetus or embryo removed from her body either surgically or medically.

There are many reasons why a woman would want to end her pregnancy. Many teenagers or women get pregnant by accident before they are actually ready to take the responsibility of being a parent. On the other hand some women feel like they have enough children and do not want anymore. Because of societal pressures, a woman may want to get rid of the baby mainly because she does not want to deal with the repercussions of being branded as a woman who has had sex before marriage. Some women feel that they do not have enough money to provide for a baby and (if they are unmarried) do not want to raise the child on her own without any help. A lot of times, either the woman's health, or the baby's health is in danger and therefore, she would be better off aborting the child. And finally, many women who are victims of rape and incest get abortions

As  mentioned before there are two ways to terminate a pregnancy, surgically and medically. In a medical abortion a woman can either take the drugs Methotrexate and Misoprostol, or the drug commonly known as RU-486 (Mifepristone) and Misoprostol. Methotrexate inhibits the growth of developing cells and Misoprostol contracts the uterus in order to force out the pregnancy.

Different statistics say different things as to how long the actual abortion takes. Around 50-80% of the women abort on the same day that they take the Misoprostol.

The RU-486 Pill, or Mifepristone is a steroid hormone invented by Dr. Etienne-Emile Baulieu in 1980. The drug is named after the pharmaceutical company that Dr. Etienne-Emile Baulieu works for, Roussel-Uclaf. The pill works by binding progesterone (which is needed to complete the process of a pregnancy) in the woman's uterus and therefore inhibiting it. This causes the lining of the uterus to break down and then the woman begins to menstruate. With the combination of RU-486 and the Misoprostol statistics show that about 95.5% abortions are successful.

If for some reason a medical abortion does not work, a woman has the option of getting a surgical abortion. There are a number methods or procedures that a woman can go through, depending on which stage of her pregnancy she is in. Manual Aspiration is usually done in the early stages of a woman's pregnancy (from when she first knows she is pregnant to about 10 weeks after your last period) he surgeon sucks the embryonic tissue out of the uterus with the aid of a syringe.Another procedure is known as Vacuum Aspiration. The surgeon numbs the cervix and then expands it. The surgeon then inserts a hollow plastic tube in the hole and empties the uterus.The procedure used during the second trimester of a woman's pregnancy is known as Dilation and Evacuation. The woman must come to the clinic for two days in order to successfully complete this procedure. During the first day the woman's cervix is expanded by inserting a sterile fiber which absorbs the moisture in the body. Once the cervix is expanded the procedure is finished by the use of suction and forceps. A procedure used mainly in the third trimester and for "doomed pregnancies" is known as Dilation and Extraction. The procedure keeps the woman's cervix intact by keeping the opening small. The fetal head is then disintegrated and then passed through the cervix. Dilation and Curettage (D&C) is not really used any more for aborting unwanting pregnancies anymore. It basically involves scraping the wall of the uterus with a curette to disengage the placenta from the uterus.   Finally there is a procedure called Induction in which a saline solution is injected into the amniotic fluid which the fetus injects. (2, 10)One of the websites I looked up said that this in turn poisoned and burned the fetus to death (2)and the other one that I looked up (which was an online clinic) was not clear on what happened after the fluid was injected into the body.

So because I am not sure what exactly this does and I do not want to make any assumptions as it was hard enough for me to write this paper on a completely factual basis.


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